Month: October 2020

Federalism without constitutionalism?

Federalism requires at least two tiers of government endowed with a sovereign power on certain matters, a non-unilaterally amendable written constitution with a horizontal and vertical division of power, a representation mechanism of self-rule and shared rule, and an umpire to settle conflicts between the various tiers of government. These essential elements of federalism make constitutionalism an essential condition for its operation, at least according to conventional federal theory. Whether it … Continue reading Federalism without constitutionalism?