Federalism requires at least two tiers of government endowed with a sovereign power on certain matters, a non-unilaterally amendable written constitution with a horizontal and vertical division of power, a representation mechanism of self-rule and shared rule, and an umpire to settle conflicts between the various tiers of government. These essential elements of federalism make constitutionalism an essential condition for its operation, at least according to conventional federal theory. Whether it … Continue reading Federalism without constitutionalism?
This article explores and examines the citizenship and human rights architecture under the Ethiopian Constitution. As Ethiopia is imagined as a community of Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (NNPs), membership to NNPs is an essential component of being Ethiopian. Further, as Ethiopia is primarily constituted to advance and safeguard the interests and rights of NNPs, the … Continue reading Citizenship and Human Rights in the Ethiopian Federal Republic
Yoweri Museveni in his book “What is Africa’s problem?” observes that the longer presidents stay in power, the more difficult it gets to remove them democratically. There is no better example for the validity of his observation than himself. He has made it difficult to remove him democratically for more than three decades. What makes … Continue reading Democracy is the Minimum Core for Ethiopians
A symbolic, normative, and institutional investigation of the 1995 Ethiopian Constitution reveals that the individual is displaced and locked in the periphery as much of the socio-economic and political ecology of the state is occupied by Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (NNPs). The Constitution presents and makes NNPs authors, sovereigns and constitutional adjudicators by adopting a … Continue reading Toward Making a Proper Space for the Individual in the Ethiopian Constitution
Mahmood Mamdani once said “without the experience of sickness, there can be no idea of health. And without the fact of oppression, there can be no practice of resistance and no notion of rights.” This is not less true for Ethiopia and Ethiopians. After over two decades of ethnic based federal experiment, Ethiopia is once … Continue reading Recent Developments in Ethiopia: The New Normal or a Pre-Transition Moment?